PICTURES OF THE WEEK: Top, an SCR-268 radar unit in the field. The SCR (Signal Corps Radio) 268 was the Army's first operational radar, used for aiming both guns and searchlights in anti-aircraft operations. In 1937 a prototype SCR-268 was set up for a demonstration to Army brass of its potential value against enemy air attacks. A Martin B-10 bomber was intended to fly on a pre-arranged course for the demonstration. When the radar showed nothing where the B-10 was supposed to be, a radar "hunt" ensued and the B-10 was found to have been blown 10 miles off course, its real position now showing strongly on the radar unit -- greatly impressing the assembled brass. Although soon "outdated" by new designs, the SCR-268 remained in use throughout the war, with 3100 units produced by Western Electric through 1945. The SCR-270 (pictures two through four) was the first of the Army's "early warning" radars, capable of scanning the skies to a height of 25,000 feet at a distance of 110 miles. Its design and capabilities dictated that it be used to defend permanent emplacements such as ports and cities, and it was an SCR-270 unit which first picked up the coming Japanese wave of planes at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Pictures five through eleven show the SCR-584, the first microwave radar system. Like the SCR-268, it was a shorter-range anti-aircraft radar for aiming both guns and searchlights. The SCR-584 made a late entrance but is considered the most effective of the war. Note that in the left foreground of the bottom two pictures of SCR-584 units (camouflaged by netting and protected by sandbags) there is a separate IFF ("Identify Friend or Foe") radar, which automatically sent off a signal to identify friendly aircraft through their preprogrammed transponder units. There were also plane-based radar systems used by the Army Air Forces. Meanwhile the United States Navy -- which in fact had first developed radar starting in 1922 -- had its own complement of radar systems geared towards its specific needs, both offensive and defensive.
This week at Saturday Night Uforia:
In The News 1952
PART FIFTY-SEVEN -- Chronicling the most exciting year in UFO history. Accounts, opinion and analysis for 1952 as told through the newspaper and magazine articles of the time.
In The News 1952
PART FIFTY-EIGHT Chronicling the most exciting year in UFO history. Accounts, opinion and analysis for 1952 as told through the newspaper and magazine articles of the time.
Coming 04:19:14 - 03:22:14
Spotlight 1952: Hiding In Plain Sight
After the hundreds of witness reports and the plethora of scientific retort that made 1952 the preeminent "year of the saucer", is there any one truth to be found?
Spotlight 1952: Anatomy of a Hoax
PART TWELVE -- All successful hoaxes have had certain elements in common, starting with the hoaxster's ability to beguile and deceive. But the most important factor of all may be the need to believe.
To Be Announced
The argument goes something like this: 'I refuse to prove that I exist,' says God, 'for proof denies faith, and without faith I am nothing.' ‡ 'But,' says Man, 'the Babel fish is a dead giveaway, isn't it? It could not have evolved by chance. It proves you exist, and so therefore, by your own arguments, you don't. QED.' ‡ 'Oh dear,' says God, 'I hadn't thought of that,' and promptly vanishes in a puff of logic.
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